Thursday, July 31, 2014

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Written Expression (Model Test 5)

Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Written Expression (Model Test 5)
Soal Tes TOEFL dan Pembahasan Jawaban Structure
16. By 1899 Ransom olds had establish in Detroit, Michigan, the first factory in the United States for the manufacture of automobiles.
Kunci Jawaban: establish --> established
Topik Materi: Past Perfect (Had + past participle/VIII)
Permasalahan: seperti Have dan Has, Had mesti ketemu dengan kata kerja ke 3 (VERB IIII / Past Participle) seperti "established" bukannnya dengan kata kerja pertama (V I/Simple Form) seperti "establish". 

17. The progressive Movement is an umbrella tern refer to a number of reform efforts that emerged in the early 1900’s.
Kunci Jawaban: refer --> referring atau that refers
Topik Materi: Present Participle atau Adjective Clause

18. The pelican is a water bird with a large pouch attached to its bill, which it uses as a scoop for catch small fish.
Kunci Jawaban: for à to
Topik Materi: perbedaan penggunaan “for” dan “to”.
Penjelasan: “for” dan “to” mempunyai arti yang sama yaitu “untuk”. Secara umum, untuk menyatakan sebuah tujuan, kata yang digunakan ialah “to”. “For” boleh saja digunakan tapi lebih terkhusus ke tujuan penggunaan (fungsi) umum dari suatu benda. Dalam konteks kalimat di atas, “to” dan “for” boleh saja digunakan. Lihat perbedaannya berikut
Tips & Trik: Bentuk pola (pattern) structure “to” dan “for” mempunyai perbedaan.
For + Verb-ing à for catching small fish
For + Noun à for a catch of small fish
To + Simple Form (infinitive) à to catch small fish
I went to the library to study last night. (√)
I went to the library for studying last night. (x)

19. The invention of reinforced concrete, plate glass, and steel in the mid-1800’s was enabled architects to design and build extremely tall constructions, or “skyscrapers.”
Kunci Jawaban: was enabled --> enabled
Topik Materi: Passive Voice
Tips Trik:

20. Acoustics, the study of sounds, is one of the oldest of the physically sciences.
Kunci Jawaban: physically --> physical
Topik Materi: Posisi Adjective dan Adverb
Tips Trik:

21. Each of functions of the body, even thinking, requires the expenditure of energy.
Kunci Jawaban: of functions --> of the functions 
Topik Materi: Definite & Indefinite Article
Tips Trik:

22. Gourds were introduced to what is now the southwestern United States by earliest peoples who migrated north from Mesoamerica about 7000 years ago.
Kunci Jawaban: earliest --> the earliest
Topik Materi: Definite & Indefinite Article
Tips Trik:

23. The economic heart of Canada, Ontario accounts for more than 40 percentage of the nation’s productive capacity
Kunci Jawaban: percentage --> percent
Topik Materi: percent VS percentage
Tips Trik:

24. Virtually all parts moving of an automobile need to be lubricated because, without lubrication, friction would increase power consumption and damage the parts.
Kunci Jawaban: parts moving --> moving parts
Topik Materi: Posisi adjective 
Tips Trik:

25. Rarely has a technological development had as great an impact on society as the rapid grow of electronics.
Kunci Jawaban: grow --> growth
Topik Materi: pemilihan kata Verb VS Noun
Tips Trik:

26. The North American Review, a magazine was first published in 1815, was one of the leading literary journals of the past woe centuries.
Kunci Jawaban: magazine was --> magazine atau magazine that was
Topik Materi: Appositive atau (Reduced) Adjective Clause
Tips Trik:

27. Fuel is any substance or material that reacts chemically with another substance or material to produce hot.
Kunci Jawaban: hot --> heat
Topik Materi: pemilihan kata Adjective VS Noun
Tips Trik:

28. Glint was a favored material of prehistoric humans, which used it to make tools and weapons, because it would chip into shapes with sharp edges.
Kunci Jawaban: which --> who
Topik Materi
Tips Trik:

29. Mutiny of a ship’s crew against the captain signifies the breakdown of the obedience and discipline required to deal effectively to perils at eat.
Kunci Jawaban: to --> with [deal to --> deal with]
Topik Materi: preposition atau phrasal verbs 
Tips Trik:

30. Of all the art-related reference and research library in North America, that of the Metropolitan Museum of a Art in New York City is among the largest and most complete.
Kunci Jawaban: library --> libraries 
Topik Materi: Plural or singular Noun 
Tips Trik:

31. Acclimatization is the process by which an organism adjusts to living in an environment to which it normally unsuited.
Kunci Jawaban: it normally --> it is normally
Topik Materi: Passive Voice
Tips Trik:

32. Glaciers, mass of ice that flow outward from ice caps, cover about one-tenth of earth’s land area.
Kunci Jawaban: mass --> masses 
Topik Materi: singular or plural noun atau pronoun preference
Tips Trik:

33. Some species of bacteria and fungi thrive on such simply compounds as alcohol.
Kunci Jawaban: simply --> simple
Topik Materi: Penggunaan atau posisi dari adjective dan adverb
Tips Trik:

34. In 1923 Alice Paul began campaign to promote the adoption of an amendment to the United States Constitution mandating equal rights for women.
Kunci Jawaban: an amendment --> the amendment 
Topik Materi: Article
Tips Trik:

35. Perhaps more than any other United States city, San Francisco is a collection of neighborhood.
Kunci Jawaban: neighborhood --> neighborhoods
Topik Materi:
Tips Trik:

36. Almost every the hereditary material of an individual organism resides in the chromosomes.
Kunci Jawaban: every --> each of
Topik Materi: Every VS Each 
Tips Trik:

37. Only with early seventeenth-century observers did the music of the original inhabitants of the United States and Canada entered recorded history.
Kunci Jawaban: entered --> enter
Topik Materi: Inversion of negative expressions
Tips Trik:

38. Perhaps the most distinctive features of sharks and undoubtedly one of the most important reasons  for their success is their well-developed sensory system.
Kunci Jawaban: features --> feature 
Topik Materi: singular vs plural noun
Tips Trik:

39. The major economic activities of Cheyenne, Wyoming, include transportation, chemicals, tourism, but governmental activities.
Kunci Jawaban: but --> and
Topik Materi: coordinate conjunction (parallel)
Tips Trik:

40. The fiction writer, poetry, and critic Edgar Allan Poe is among the most familiar of American writers and one of the most enigmatic.
Kunci Jawaban: poetry --> poet
Topik Materi: pemilihan kata Noun thing dan Noun People 
Tips Trik:
[Continue reading...]

Sunday, July 20, 2014

Kata Kerja (Verb) yang sering muncul dalam TOEFL (Part 2) :Synonym

Kata Kerja (Verb) yang sering muncul dalam TOEFL

Beserta Synonym 

Sinonim kata diujikan dalam tes TOEFL sesi Reading Comprehension. Dengan mengetahui kosakata-kosakata (vocabulary) bahasa Inggris beserta sinonim-nya tidak hanya berguna dalam meningkatkan kemampuan reading para pelajar bahasa Inggris tapi juga membuat writing mereka menjadi lebih baik, terutama dalam variasi kata.

1. His job is mainly to control the activities of everyone in the company with a view to making optimum use of the workforce.
Control /kənˈtrəʊl/ : mengatur, mengendalikan
Direct /daɪˈrekt/ : mengatur, memerintah

2. We normally suppose that most people nowadays have a computer at home.
Suppose /səˈpəʊz/ : mengira
Assume /əˈsjuːm/ : mengira, menganggap

3. Shakespeare said that some people achieve greatness, while others have it thrust upon them.
Achieve /əˈtʃiːv/ : mencapai
Attain /əˈteɪn/ : mencapai

 4. Did you notice a hint of pessimism in her report?
Notice /ˈnəʊ.tɪs/ : memperhatikan, melihat
Detect /dɪˈtekt/ : menemukan

 5. He was asked to disclose government secrets in exchange for money.
Disclose /dɪˈskləʊz/ : menyingkap, memperlihatkan
Reveal /rɪˈviːl/: membuka, menyatakan, mengungkapkan

6. If you want people to take you seriously, you should state firmly your reasons for change.
State firmly /steɪt/ /ˈː menyatakan dengan tegas
Assert /əˈːt/: menegaskan

7. Antibodies help our bodies to fight infection.
Fight /faɪt/ : berjuang melawan
Resist /rɪˈzɪst/ : melawan

8. Several attempts were made to improve the system.
Improve /ɪmˈpruːv/ : memperbaiki
Refine /rɪˈfaɪn/ : memperbaiki

9. Computer software will continue to develop in response to users' needs.
Develop /dɪˈvel.əp/ berkembang
Evolve /ɪˈvɒlv/ berkembang

10. They asked us to give our thanks and best wishes to the chairman.

11. The U.S.A. and Iran have often tried to resolve their differences, but with little effect.

12. It took him some time to tell the story, and it was late when he eventually finished.

13. The department was asked to propose some ideas for increasing student enrollment.

14. A revolutionary new scientific method may soon help to alter people's physical appearance without the need for surgery.

 15. His explanation seemed to confuse most people.

16. Would you reply to his question as briefly as possible.
Reply to

 17. The device is able to confirm whether a banknote is genuine or a forgery by analyzing the paper and print quality.

18. Some plants, such as beans, benefit the soil in which they are planted.

19. The rules are designed to eliminate obstacles that may discourage investors.

20. Everyone hoped that the results of his research would surpass their expectations.

21. Not all foodstuffs that come from animals are tested to ensure they are fit for human consumption.
Come from

22. Crime is a complex issue: we cannot simply blame poverty and unemployment.

23. He was asked to deal with the situation with tact and discretion.
Deal with

24. To make a new folder, click on the new folder icon at the top of your computer.

25. We were unable to obtain the information we needed from the committee.

26. There was general approval when the announcement to ban smoking on college premises was made.

27. His inability to act quickly enough will probably accelerate their decision to dismiss him.

28. Even a small change in economic circumstances can influence our spending habits.

29. Alternative therapies are often suggested for patients who reject conventional medical treatment.

30. The report was based on information that they managed to collect from all parts of the country.

31. The college rules require students to refrain from smoking and drinking inside the faculty buildings.
Oblige (usually used in the passive form: “Under the college rules, students are obliged to refrain…”)

32. Trends come and go, but there are a few that will always stay.

33. To ask for a loan, you will need to acquire a form from the student welfare office.

34. It is often argued that not enough laws exist to punish those who abuse the Internet.

35. The new technique will facilitate rapid identification of possible threats from unstable areas.

36. The company announced it will introduce a new version of its software in January.

37. The senator's relaxed attitude to the problem didn't reflect those of his constituents.

38. The governor was asked to insist on new measures to combat crime.
Insist on

39. We do not allow the use of cellphones in the building.
[Continue reading...]

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

Free Download Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test: The Paper Test

Free Download Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test: The Paper Test

Free Download Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test: The Paper TestFree Download Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test: The Paper Test

Rincian Buku
Penulis: Deborah Phillips
Jumlah halaman: 641 halaman
Penerbit: Pearson Education ESL; 1 edition (March 11, 2004))
Bahasa: Bahasa Inggris
ISBN-10: 0131408836
ISBN-13: 978-0131408838
Tebal Buku: 5.5 x 4.7 inci
Berat Buku: 2,7 pound
Penilaian Pelanggan: skor 3,9 dari 5 total (28 pelanggan)
Ranking di Amazon: 45,690

Isi Buku:
Complete language skills instruction for skills tested on both the TOEFL® paper test and the Test of Written English.
Longer reading passages that reflect the latest testing format. Diagnostic pre-tests and evaluation post-tests for each section that allow students to identify their strengths and weaknesses.
Practice exercises for each of the language skills that maximize understanding and retention.
Five complete Practice Tests that familiarize students with the actual test format and timing.

Link Download (PDF)
Untuk download Longman TOEFL paper ini, silahkan klik link Free Download Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test: The Paper Test.

Link Download (Audio-MP3)
Untuk download Audio Longman TOEFL silahkan klik link di bawah:
1. Exercise Part A
2. Exercise Part B
3. Exercise Part C
4. Post Test & Complete Practice Tests
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Sunday, June 29, 2014

3000 Kosakata (Vocabulary) Bahasa Inggris Mesti Anda Hafal

3000 Kosakata (Vocabulary) Bahasa Inggris Mesti Anda Hafal

3000 Kosakata (Vocabulary) Bahasa Inggris Mesti Anda Hafal

3000 kosakata (vocabulary) Bahasa Inggris Mesti Anda Hafal di bawah ini merupakan kosakata yang telah dipilih oleh sejumlah ahli bahasa dan guru-guru berpengalaman dalam mengajar bahasa Inggris. Sebagai kosakata yang paling umum digunakan, kosakata di bawah dipublikasikan melalui kamus Oxford. 

Pastikan Anda memfokuskan hafalan vocabulary Anda pada kosakata di bawah ini sebelum beralih ke kosakata lainnya. Kosakata yang Anda hafal tapi jarang Anda temukan akan lebih cepat Anda lupakan. Sebaliknya, semakin sering Anda menemukan kosakata tertentu, semakin kuat pula dalam ingatan Anda. 

Untuk download daftar vocabulary di bawah, silahkan klik link 3000 Kosakata (Vocabulary) Bahasa Inggris Mesti Anda Hafal
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Friday, June 27, 2014

Daftar Kosakata-Ungkapan Bahasa Inggris terkait bulan Puasa-Ramadhan

Daftar Kosakata-Ungkapan Bahasa Inggris terkait bulan Puasa-Ramadhan

Daftar Kosakata-Ungkapan Bahasa Inggris terkait bulan Puasa-Ramadhan

Daftar Kosakata-Ungkapan Bahasa Inggris terkait bulan Puasa-Ramadhan
- Bulan Ramadhan: the month of Ramadan 
- Bulan suci Ramadhan: the holy month of Ramadan
- Kalender Hijriyah atau Kalender Islam: Islamic calendar, Muslim calendar or Hijri calendar
- Ibadah tahunan: annual observance
salah satu dari 5 rukun Islam: one of the Five Pillars of Islam
- Fardhu 'Ain: Individual duty or fardh al-'ayn (الفرض العين)
- Fardhu Kifayah : Sufficiency duty or fardh al-kifāya (الفرض الكفاية)
- Berdasarkan pada munculnya hilal: based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon
- Bulan sabit (hilal): crescent moon (Hilal)
- Wajib: fard (obligatory)
- Menstruasi: going through menstrual bleeding
- Berpuasa pada bulan Ramadhan: Fasting (during) the month of Ramadan
- Diwajibkan: made obligatory
- Berpuasa mulai terbit fajar hingga matahari terbenam: fast from dawn until sunset
- Menahan diri dari: refrain from
- Pahala dilipatgandakan: rewards are multiplied
- Al-quran ialah pedoman bagi umat manusia: the Quran is a guidance for mankind
- Nabi Muhammad menerima wahyu pertama di bulan Ramadhan.: Muhammad first received revelations in the lunar month of Ramadan.
- Rasul Allah: Allah's Apostle 
- Pada Zaman Jahiliyah: During the Jahiliyyah (i.e. pre-Islamic period)
- Suku Quraish dan Yahudi: the Quraysh tribe and the Jews
- Berpuasa pada hari Asyura: fast on the day of Ashura
- Permulaan dan akhir ramadhan: The beginning and end of Ramadan
- Malam Lailatul Qadar (Lailat Al-Qadar): the night of power or the night of decree
- lebih baik dari seribu bulan: better than one thousand months [of proper worship]
- Ayat pertama diwahyukan (diturunkan) ke Nab Muhammad: the first revelation of the Quran was sent down to Muhammad
- Ayat diturunkan: verses are revealed
- Terjadi pada salah satu dari malam-malam ganjil 10 hari terakhir bulan Ramadhan: occur on an odd-numbered night during the last 10 days of Ramadan
- Lebaran or Idul Fitri: Eid al-Fitr (festival of breaking of the fast), Feast of Breaking the Fast, the Sugar Feast, Bayram (Bajram), the Sweet Festival, the Lesser Eid
- Sahur: suhoor / suhur (the pre-dawn meal before the fast) atau  pre-fast meal atau suhur meal
- Berbuka puasa: iftar (break the fast)
- Untuk menyucikan hati: cleanse the soul by freeing it from harmful impurities
- Menjadi kewajiban bagi muslim untuk memulai puasa ketika mereka telah (mencapai) dewasa: It becomes compulsory for Muslims to start fasting when they reach puberty
- Membayar kalla (meng-qadha'): make up the days missed
- Mensegerakan ber-buka: hasten for the fast-breaking meal (iftar) 
- Menunda (menangguhkan) shalat Maghrib: adjourn for the Maghrib prayer
- Sedekah: Sadaqah or Saddka (plural: adaqāt), voluntary charity
- Zakat: Zakāt or alms-giving
- Amal baik: good deeds
- shalat tarawih: Tarawih prayers (nightly prayers)
- Hari pembalasan: The Last Judgment, Final Judgment, Day of Judgment, Judgment Day, or The Day of the Lord or in Islam Yawm al-Qiyāmah or Yawm ad-Din
- Membaca keseluruhan Al-Quran: to read the entire Quran
- Hafalan Quran: the recitation of the Quran
- Dilarang selama bulan Ramadan: banned during Ramadan
- Umat Muslim dilarang makan, minum, dan berhubungan badan: Muslims are prohibited from eating, drinking (including water), and engaging in sexual activity
- Untuk memperoleh taqwa: gain Taqwa, piety (god-consciousness)
- Puasa sebagai benteng: fasting acts as a shield
- Melindungi diri (dia) dari neraka: protect him/herself from Jahannam (hell)
- Menanamkan rasa persaudaraan dan persatuan: inculcate a sense of fraternity and solidarity
- Dibebaskan untuk tidak berpuasa: exempt from fasting
- Selamat berpuasa: Happy fasting atau happy Ramadan 
- Semoga (puasanya) diberkahi: Have a blessed Ramadan
- Fitnah dapat ditutup (dihapuskan) oleh shalat, puasa, dan sedekah: The affliction is expiated by prayers, fasting, and giving in charity.
- Orang yang berpuasa: the person observing fasting
- Bau busuk mulut orang yang berpuasa lebih harum di sisi Allah daripada bau kesturi: the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk.
- Hadits Nabi: the narration of the Prophet
- Shalat wajib 5 waktu: the five compulsory prayers
- Yang Allah telah perintahkan ke (umat Muslim) : what Allah has enjoined on (Muslims)
- Dijamin (masuk) surga: granted Paradise
- Hari Kebangkitan: the Day of Resurrection
- Dosa: sins
- Menegakkan shalat: establish prayers
- Meninggalkan ucapan dusta dan amal jahat: give up forged speech and evil actions
- Mengumandakan adzan: Pronounce Adhan
- Mandi junub: take a bath in the state of Janaba
- Makan atu minum tanpa sengaja (lupa): eat or drink forgetfully
- Berwudhu: perform ablution
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