Saturday, October 11, 2014

Factual Information Question (Reading TOEFL)

Factual Information Question (Reading TOEFL)

Menjawab Soal TOEFL Reading

Dalam postingan ini, akan dibahas salah satu jenis pertanyaan TOEFL ITP untuk sesi reading comprehension. Anda akan mengenal bentuk soalnya, contoh bentuk pertanyaan dalam soal yang biasa diujikan, serta beberapa tips atau langkah dalam menjawab soal-soal yg masuk dalam kategori ini. 

Factual information question merupakan salah satu bentuk pertanyaan yang digunakan dalam sesi reading comprehension TOEFL ITP. Jika menggunakan buku panduan Longman TOEFL Preparation Course, Anda akan menemukan skill 3: Answer Detail Questions Correctly. Istilah factual information question dan detail question ke dua-duanya sama saja. 

Factual information question meminta Anda untuk mengidentifikasi factual information yang secara eksplisit (tegas/tersurat/jelas) dinyatakan dalam passage. Factual information fokus terhadap fakta, informasi rinci (detail), definisi, atau informasi lainnya yang dihadirkan oleh penulis. Jenis soal ini meminta Anda untuk mengidentifikasi informasi spesifik yang umumnya hanya disebutkan pada bagian tertentu pada passage (tidak menanyakan tentang tema yang passage secara keseluruhan paragraf bahas). Seringkali jawabannya ditemukan pada 1 atau dua kalimat yang berdekatan.

Cara mengenali jenis soal Factual Information Questions
Factual information question sering ditemukan berbentuk seperti di bawah ini:
1. According to the passage, ... 
2. It is stated in the passage ... 
3. The passage indicates that ... 
4. Which of the following is true ...? 
5. The passage mentions that ....
6. The author's description of X mentions which of the following?

Tips Menjawab Factual Information Question
1. Pilih kata kunci pada pertnayaan. Pasanglah baik-baik dalam pikiran Anda.
2. Carilah di passage kalimat di mana kata kunci itu berada. Anda tidak perlu membaca semua passage; cukup mencari kata kunci saja.
3.  Bacalah (pahami) ide-ide kalimat di mana kata kunci terletak. Anda mungkin juga perlu untuk membaca kalimat sebelum dan sesudah kalimat di mana kata kunci terletak.
4. Eliminasilah pilihan jawaban yang salah, biasanya berbentuk kontradiksi dengan ide yang di passage.
5. Pilihlah jawaban yang betul dengan membandingkan (mencocokkan) 4 pilihan-pilihan jawaban dengan informasi yang disediakan dalam passage.
6. Jangan memilih jawaban hanya karena ide dalam jawaban itu disebutkan pada passage. Pilihan jawaban Anda mesti betul-betul menjawab pertanyaan sesuai yang ditanyakan.

Contoh Soal Factual Information Question dalam soal TOEFL ITP
Contoh
By far the most important United States export product in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was cotton, favored by the European textile industry over flax or wool because it was easy to process and soft to tile touch. Mechanization of spinning Line and weaving allowed significant centralization and expansion in the textile industry during this period, and at the same time the demand for cotton increased dramatically. American producers were able to meet this demand largely because of tile invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney in 1793. Cotton could be grown throughout the South, but separating the fiber – or lint – from the seed was a laborious process. Sea island cotton was relatively easy to process by hand, because its fibers were long and seeds were concentrated at the base of the flower, but it demanded a long growing season, available only along the nation's eastern seacoast. Short-staple cotton required a much shorter growing season, but the shortness of the fibers and their mixture with seeds meant that a worker could hand-process only about one pound per day. Whitney's gin was a hand-powered machine with revolving drums and metal teeth to pull cotton fibers away from seeds. Using the gin, a worker could produce up to 50 pounds of lint a day. The later development of larger gins, powered by horses, water, or steam, multiplied productivity further.

The interaction of improved processing and high demand led to the rapid spread of the cultivation of cotton and to a surge in production. It became the main American export, dwarfing all others. In 1802, cotton composed 14 percent of total American exports by value. Cotton had a 36 percent share by 1810 and over a 50 percent share in 1830. In 1860, 61 percent of the value of American exports was represented by cotton. In contrast, wheat and wheat flour composed only 6 percent of the value of American exports in that year. Clearly, cotton was king in the trade of the young republic. The growing market for cotton and other American agricultural products led to an unprecedented expansion of agricultural settlement, mostly in the eastern half of the United States---west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Mississippi River.
5. According to the passage, one advantage of sea island cotton was its
(A) abundance of seeds
(B) long fibers
(C) long growing season
(D) adaptability to different climates
Penjelasan:
Key words: one advantage of sea island cotton
Kalimat terdapat kunci jawaban: Sea island cotton was relatively easy to process by hand, because its fibers were long and seeds were concentrated at the base of the flower, but it demanded a long growing season, available only along the nation's eastern seacoast.
Eliminasi satu persatu:
1. Dalam passage, dikatakan bahwa: fiber were long yang mana sesuai dengan kunci jawaban B.
2. Dalam passage, dikatakan bahwa: seeds were concentrated at the base of the flower yang mana kontradiksi dengan pilihan jawaban A.
3. Dalam passage, dikatakan bahwa salah satu disadvantage (ditandai penggunaan kata kontrast "but") dari sea island cotton ialah a long growing season yang kontradiksi dengan pilihan jawaban C.
4. Dalam passage, dikatakan bahwa salah satu disadvantage (ditandai penggunaan kata kontrast "but") dari sea island cotton ialah only along the nation's eastern seacoast yang kontradiksi dengan pilihan jawaban D.
Jadi kunci jawaban yang tepat ialah pilihan B.

8. The author mentions "wheat and wheat flour" in line 22 in order to
(A) show that Americans exported more agricultural products than they imported.
(B) show the increase in the amount of wheat products exported.
(C) demonstrate the importance of cotton among American export products.
(D) demonstrate that wheat farming was becoming more profitable.
Penjelasan:
Key words: wheat and wheat flour (line 22)
Kalimat terdapat kunci jawaban: In 1860, 61 percent of the value of American exports was represented by cotton. In contrast, wheat and wheat flour composed only 6 percent of the value of American exports in that year.
Eliminasi satu persatu:
1. Dalam passage hanya dibahas terkait bahan yang di-export tidak dibahas bahan yang di-import.
2. Dalam passage, dikatakan bahwa: only 6 percent of the value of American exports, penggunaan kata "only" menandakan tidak adanya peningkatan. Informasi ini kontradiksi dengan pilihan B.
3. Dalam passage, dikatakan bahwa: yang di-export ialah 61 percent cotton dan 6 percent wheat dan wheat flour. Informasi ini menandakan akan pentingnya produk eksport cotton. Ini sesuai dengan pilihan jawaban C.
4. Ide ini mirip dengan pilihan B yang tidak sesuai dengan informasi dalam passage.
Jadi kunci jawaban yang tepat ialah pilihan C.

10. According to the passage, the Mississippi River was
(A) one of the boundaries of a region where new agricultural settlement took place
(B) a major source of water for agricultural crops
(C) the primary route by which agricultural crops were transported
(D) a main source of power for most agricultural machinery
Penjelasan:
Key words: Mississipi River
Kalimat terdapat kunci jawaban: The growing market for cotton and other American agricultural products led to an unprecedented expansion of agricultural settlement, mostly in the eastern half of the United States---west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Mississippi River.
Eliminasi satu persatu:
1. Dalam passage, dikatakan bahwa ada unprecedented expansion of agricultural settlement  yang salah satunya terletak di Mississipi River. Ide ini sesuai dengan pilihan jawaban A.
2. Pilihan B terkait water source, tidak disebutkan.
3. Pilihan C tidak disebutkan.
4. Pilihan D tidak disebutkan.
Jadi kunci jawaban yang tepat ialah pilihan A.

Untuk lebih meningkatkan kemampuan Anda dalam menjawab soal-soal Reading Comprehension silahkan ke menu soal-soal Reading dan pembahasan 
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Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Kumpulan Materi Grammar

Kumpulan Materi Grammar

Berikut kami list kumpulan materi Grammar yang telah kami post baik di situs Pusat TOEFL maupun di EMC UIN Alauddin


Uploaded in EMC UIN Alauddin (englishahkam.blogspot.com)

Tenses Lengkap

Request / Pesan Materi Grammar
Untuk memesan materi grammar sesuai dengan yang Anda perlukan silahkan menghubungi kami via:
1. E-mail: ahkam.arifin@gmail.com
2. BB: 750AB8A9
3. HP: 085341515925



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Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Download Kumpulan Ebook TOEFL - IELTS Gratis dan Semacamanya

Download Kumpulan Ebook TOEFL - IELTS Gratis dan Semacamanya

Berikut daftar Download Kumpulan Ebook TOEFL - IELTS Gratis dan Semacamanya yang bisa Anda download. Jika ebook (PDF) yang Anda perlukan tidak terdapat di list berikut silahkan request ke Admin Pusat TOEFL.
Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test: The Paper Test
Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 5 with Answers
- Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 4 with Answers
- Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 3 with Answers
- Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 2 with Answers
- Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS 1 with Answers
- The Official Cambridge Guide to IELTS Student's Book with Answers
- File Listening+Audio+MP3 TOEFL Longman Paper Based
- Cliffs TOEFL Preparation Guide (ITP / Paper-Based)
- English Grammar In Use with Answers 3 edition
- Pass Key to the TOEFL iBT+Audio CDs
- Cracking the TOEFL iBT 2013 Edition+Audio CD
- Developing Skills for the TOEFL iBT 2nd edition + Audio CD
- Barron's Writing for the TOEFL iBT 3rd Edition+audio CD
- Cambridge English Pronunciation in Use+Audio CD
- To Master Skills For The TOEFL iBT Listening (Pdf+audio cds)
- Barron's How to Prepare for the TOEFL Essay 2nd Edition
- Answers to All TOEFL Essay Questions Pdf
- TOEFL Exam Essential
- TOEFL Exam Success in Only 6 Steps
- Speaking and Writing Strategies for the TOEFL iBT by Nova's
- Barron's How to Prepare for the TOEFL Essay
- Master TOEFL Writing Skills by Peterson's
- Master TOEFL Reading Skills by Peterson's
- Master TOEFL Vocabulary by Peterson's
- Test Taker Handbook: TOEFL ITP Examinee Handbook (Buku Petunjuk Tes TOEFL ITP)
- 400 Must-Have Words for the TOEFL by Yilmaz, Zwier
- Barron's Practice Exercises for the TOEFL, Pamela Sharpe Ph.D
- Longman Complete Course for the TOEFL Test PBT (Paper & Computer Based)
- Kaplan TOEFL iBT with CD-ROM (Fourth Edition)
- Understanding and Using English Grammar (Third Edition)
- The Official Guide to the TOEFL iBT
- Cambridge Preparation for the TOEFL Test iBT (Internet-Based test)
- Barron's TOEFL iBT, 12th Edition

Request / Pesan Materi Grammar
Untuk memesan materi grammar sesuai dengan yang Anda perlukan silahkan menghubungi kami via:
1. E-mail: ahkam.arifin@gmail.com
2. BB: 750AB8A9
3. HP: 085341515925


This blog (pusattoefl.blogspot.com) is not endorsed or approved by ETS.
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Les Privat Bahasa Inggris daerah Makassar - Gowa

Les Privat Bahasa Inggris daerah Makassar - Gowa

Les Privat Bahasa Inggris daerah Makassar - Gowa
Admin Pusat TOEFL

Admin pusat TOEFL kini telah membuka kursus / les / privat bahasa Inggris di daerah sekitar Makassar dan Gowa.
Pengajar yang kami sediakan semuanya merupakan mahasiswa S2 Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris di salah satu universitas Negeri di daerah Makassar. Untuk tarif atau biaya, disesuaikan dengan pengalaman setiap pengajar. Khusus kelas TOEFL, hanya akan diajar oleh Admin Pusat TOEFL yang mempunyai skor TOEFL di atas 550.
Semoga Les Privat Bahasa Inggris daerah Makassar - Gowa yang kami sediakan dapat memenuhi kebutuhan Anda dalam meningkatkan kemampuan bahasa Inggris Anda.

Rincian kelas / level yang kami sediakan:
1. TOEFL ITP
2. Speaking / Conversation
3. Grammar 
4. Dasar-dasar Bahasa Inggris.

Pengajar: 
*Pengajar berpengalaman dengan skor TOEFL ITP minimal 550.

Biaya:
1. TOEFL ITP (70rb / meeting)
2. Speaking / Conversation (60rb / meeting)
3. Grammar / Writing (60rb / meeting)
4. Dasar-dasar Bahasa Inggris (50rb / meeting)

Kontak: 
085341515925
088242035685
Pin BB: 750AB8A9 (Ahkam)
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Monday, September 29, 2014

Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Verb Phrase

Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Verb Phrase
Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Verb Phrase
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Phrasal Verb atau Verb Phrase (VP) merupakan  sebuah frasa dalam bahasa Inggris yang terdiri dari 1 verb (minimal ) yang diikuti oleh object, complement, atau modifier lainnya. VP mirip dengan istilah predicate (predikat) yang lebih umum dikenal.
Semoga Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Verb Phrase berikut dapat memberi manfaat.

Contoh:
A fat man put the jewels quickly in the box.
Yankee batters hit the ball well enough to win their first World Series since 2000.
Mary saw the man through the window.
David gave Mary a book.
John has finished the work.
John has finished the work. [kurang umum]
They do not want to try that.
They do not want to try that. [kurang umum]
They do not want to try that. [kurang umum]

Ada yang mendifinisikan verb phrase lebih sempit.
Verb phrase kadang dipahami lebih sempit dengan terbatas hanya terdiri dari 1 kata kerja utama dengan auxiliary (Do, Be, Have, Modal) + Infinitive dan Participle.
Contoh:
John has given Mary a book.
The picnickers were being eaten alive by mosquitos.
She kept screaming like a football maniac.
Thou shalt not kill.

Phrasal Verbs yang lebih umum dikenal
Verb phrase yang umum dibahas ialah kombinasi antara verb dan preposition (kata depan) atau adverb atau ke dua-duanya.
Contoh: Look after, work out, make up for, put something down, take something off, sit down, wake up, hang up, set off, run away, dan lain-lain.

Perhatikan:
- I ran into an old friend. – into merupakan preposition
- She takes after her mother. – after merupakan preposition
- They brought that up twice. – up merupakan adverb, bukan preposition.
- You should think it over. – over merupakan  adverb, bukan preposition.
- No amount of money can make up for the death of a child. – up (adverb), for (preposition)

Main references:
Wikipedia
Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary

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